Types of Therapies
The EHS offers a few different evidence-based therapeutic interventions:
- Group work
- Art psychotherapy
- CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy)
- Systemic Family Therapy
- IPT-A (Interpersonal Psychotherapy)
The different kinds of intervention that may be suitable for you will be discussed in your appointments. We aim to always make shared decisions with our clients so your options will always be explained with you and you will always have a say in what intervention you choose to take part in.
Art psychotherapy is an accessible and inclusive form of therapy that works by offering a safe and confidential space where young people can explore their thoughts, emotions and relationships through pictures and words. Children and young people referred to an art psychotherapist do not need to have previous experience or skill in art. In art therapy the therapist is not concerned with making a beautiful or ‘good’ image.
We celebrate creativity and enjoy the sensory process of art making which can be a playful way of starting communication and building relationships and trust.
The Art Psychotherapy model is non-directive. This means that the child and young person are given a lot of control in how they want to run the session but are guided and kept safe by the therapist. This can help develop a sense of freedom as well as self-control and confidence.
Art psychotherapy is not dependent on spoken language and can therefore be helpful to anyone who finds it difficult to express their thoughts and feelings verbally. In the Emotional Health Service children/young people can be referred to the art therapy group, be seen on an individual basis or with their parent/carer. This is depends on what works best for them.
IPT-A is a form of therapy for adolescents who have depression. IPT-A helps you make sense of the difficulties you are experiencing by looking at how your relationships with others is affecting you. We can sometimes feel low in response to what is going on in our relationships whilst others find that their relationships can become more difficult when they are feeling low, as they can lose interest in people. IPT-A will help you make sense of the difficulties you are experiencing by helping you understand how your relationships contribute to your mood. In helping you to resolve the difficulties that you have with others, we expect your mood and interest in things to improve.
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy is a talking therapy. It has been shown to help treat a wide range of emotional and physical health conditions in adults, young people and children. CBT looks at how we think about a situation and how this affects the way we feel and act. In turn our actions can affect how we think and feel. The therapist and young person work together in changing behaviours, thought patterns, or both.
Behavioural work is helpful if you display distressing or upsetting behaviours when you are upset. For instance, hitting out at other people. Sometimes, it can be difficult to know why you act in this way so it can be helpful to meet with a psychologist to think about the function of this behaviour. Once this has been identified, this understanding can be shared with other people (parents or perhaps school) so that they can understand you better too and all work together to come up with some solutions about what to do to help.
Systemic Family Therapy
Family Therapy helps people in close relationships to help each other. It is a way to help family members to understand each other’s different experiences and views, appreciate each other’s needs, build on family strengths and make useful changes in their relationships and their lives.
Research shows Family Therapy is useful for children, young people and adults experiencing a wide range of difficulties and circumstances. These include:
- Family communication difficulties,
- Child and adolescent behaviour difficulties and
- Mental health problems such as anxiety, depression and eating difficulties.