Skip to main content

Preparing for Adulthood

Post-16 Education

The pages in this section contain information about Post 16 education options,information about support in further and higher education and adult education options. Information about support into employment is contained in the Training and Employment (opens a new window) section of the website.

Admissions Post 16 if you have an Education, Health and Care Plan 

The ordinary admissions policy does not apply if a young person has an EHCP.  The process for agreeing a school/college placement is set out from section 9.78 of the SEND Code of Practice and Sections 33 and 40 of the Childrens and Families Act 2014.  

We recommend that you read our Next Steps Pack to understand all the education and employment options.
The Next Steps Pack is aimed at young people in years 10 and 11, including information if you need extra support with your learning.
Download the Next Steps Pack 2020/21​ (pdf)


Next Steps Interviews

From September 2020 AfC’s 14-25 team will continue its programme of Next Steps interviews in schools.  These consist of face to face information, advice and guidance from a qualified careers adviser, offering an additional level of support to that already offered by schools within their careers programmes..  In 2020/21 we will be focusing on young people with Education, Health and Care Plans who are unsure of their post 16 destination and need that extra bit of support to move forward on the pathway that is right for them.  The interviews are designed to help raise awareness of the local offer and to explore options post 16, including, if appropriate, vocational programmes and apprenticeships.

The programme for 2020/21 is currently being developed and further details will be uploaded here in September 2020.


16 to 19 Bursary Fund

You could get a bursary to help with education-related costs if you’re aged 16 to 19 and:

  • studying at a publicly funded school or college in England - not a university
  • on a training course, including unpaid work experience

A publicly funded school is one that does not charge you for attending it.

If you’re 19 and over

You could also get a bursary if you either:

  • are continuing on a course you started aged 16 to 18 (known as being a ’19+ continuer’)
  • have an Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP)

Find out more onthe GOV.UK website (opens a new window)


Useful to know 

Post 16 Maze Support Group (opens a new window) is a group of parents of older children have come together to set up a new “parents supporting parents” group. This is for parents and guardians of young people with SEND who are in the complex world of post 16. 
Hosted by Skylarks. at The Crossway, 306 Richmond Road, Twickenham, TW1 2PD
All parents are welcome. 

Introduction to the threshold guidance for young people aged 16 -19+

Threshold guidance for young people aged 16-19+ (pdf)

This document is based on the ‘Special Educational Needs and Disability Code of Practice: 0-25 years, statutory guidance for organisations which work with and support children and young people who have special educational needs or disabilities.’ January 2015 (pdf)

It should be read alongside this code the Equalities Act 2010 and other local guidance such as: 

Support for Children and Young People with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities’  - The Golden Binder (opens a new window) 

AfC guidance on reasonable adjustments (opens a new window)

Guidance on making school trips accessible (opens a new window)


Golden Binder

A resource has been created by parents working with AfC and representatives from Health, Social Care, Schools, Early Years and Post 16 to create a complete set of guidance documents relating to “Support for children and young people with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND)”. The resource is called the “Golden Binder”.  Every school SENCo and special school in Richmond and Kingston should have a copy, as well as all key professionals involved with the EHCP process. The resource relating to "Further Education" can be downloaded here:

Golden Binder Chapter 8 - Further Education (opens a new window)

AfC works with a range of learning providers across Kingston and Richmond and beyond to support young people with SEND, in post 16 learning.  These include maintained and special schools’ sixth forms, general FE Colleges and independent specialist providers.

AfC are currently working with Kingston and Richmond Further Education providers to ensure that they have information on their websites regarding how they support SEND learners.

We support the principles expressed in the SEND Code of Practice (opens a new window) that:

  • Planning must be centred around the individual and explore the young person’s aspirations and abilities.
  • Transition planning must be built into the revised EHC plan and should result in clear, ambitious and stretching outcomes which will prepare young people for adulthood.

We are committed to planning for transition as early as possible and that as they approach the post 16 transition point young people and their families should be supported by schools and colleges with detailed planning in years 9 -11.  This planning process should help individuals explore their aspirations for post 16 learning and to firm up plans (in Year 11) for post 16 options.

We regard the outcomes and preferences expressed by the learner within their Education, Health and Care Plans (opens a new window) and person-centred reviews as central to the placement process. All providers will need to demonstrate that they will develop and deliver high quality post 16 study programmes that will enable young people to progress to a higher level of study than their prior attainment and to participate in meaningful work experience and non-qualification activity.  Non-qualification activity should prepare young people well for employment or self-employment eg through work placements, apprenticeships, traineeships or supported internships, for independent living, for being healthy adults and for participating as fully as they can in society.

While we support the principle that young people’s education and training needs are usually best met where they are able to continue to live in their local area and access local mainstream provision, we accept that for some learners this will not be appropriate and that we will continue to receive requests for post-16 placements at Independent Specialist Providers (ISPs) where these institutions present the best learning and living option for them and their families.