The pages in this section contain information about Post 16 education options, information about support in further and higher education and adult education options. The pages also contain information about how Post 16 education is funded, future plans and overviews.  Information about support into employment is contained on the "Preparing for Adulthood and Employment" section of this website. 

We recommend that you read our Opportunities Pack to understand all the education and employment options and the Next Steps pack.

The Opportunities Pack is aimed at young people in Year 11, whether they have SEND or not, to share with them post 16 options for learners who have not reached the Level 3 threshold. 

Download the Opportunities pack (opens a pdf)

Next Steps Programme

The Next Steps Pack supports the Next Steps programme for young people in Year 10, so they can get an idea of post 16 options in sufficient time to make plans and applications to colleges etc.  It is primarily aimed at learners who may be receiving SEN Support (although these cover a wide spectrum of learners) and is also relevant for learners who have an Education, Health and Care Plan.


Next Steps Interviews

To support learners to make a successful transition post 16, the 14-19 team at AfC offer Next Steps interviews to learners in local and out of borough schools, delivered by our qualified careers advisers.  These interviews are to help raise awareness of the local offer and to explore options post 16.

All young people in Year 11 will be offered a Next Steps interview, whether they are in a Kingston or Richmond school or in an out of borough school.  Interviews are offered to all Year 10 and Year 13 learners accessing SEN Support and resident learners with EHCPs in Kingston and Richmond schools.  

For more information on these Next Steps interviews contact the 14-19 team at or speak with your teachers at school to see when the next round of interviews are scheduled at your school.

Download the Next Steps pack (opens a pdf)

Useful to know 

Post 16 Maze Support Group is a group of parents of older children have come together to set up a new “parents supporting parents” group. This is for parents and guardians of young people with SEND who are in the complex world of post 16. 
Hosted by Me too and Co. at The Crossway, 306 Richmond Road, Twickenham, TW1 2PD
All parents are welcome. 


Introduction to the threshold guidance for young people aged 16 -19+

Threshold guidance for young people aged 16-19+ (opens a pdf)

This document is based on the ‘Special Educational Needs and Disability Code of Practice: 0-25 years, statutory guidance for organisations which work with and support children and young people who have special educational needs or disabilities.’ January 2015.

It should be read alongside this code the Equalities Act 2010 and other local guidance such as: 

Support for Children and Young People with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities’  - The Golden Binder. 

AfC guidance on reasonable adjustments.

Guidance on making school trips accessible.


Golden Binder

‚ÄčA resource has been created by parents working with AfC and representatives from Health, Social Care, Schools, Early Years and Post 16 to create a complete set of guidance documents relating to “Support for children and young people with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND)”. The resource is called the “Golden Binder”.  Every school SENCo and special school in Richmond and Kingston should have a copy, as well as all key professionals involved with the EHCP process. The resource relating to "Further Education" can be downloaded here:

Golden Binder Chapter 8 - Further Education

AfC works with a range of learning providers across Kingston and Richmond and beyond to support young people with SEND, in post 16 learning.  These include maintained and special schools’ sixth forms, general FE Colleges and independent specialist providers.

AfC are currently working with Kingston and Richmond Further Education providers to ensure that they have information on their websites regarding how they support SEND learners.

We support the principles expressed in the SEND Code of Practice that:

  • Planning must be centred around the individual and explore the young person’s aspirations and abilities.
  • Transition planning must be built into the revised EHC plan and should result in clear, ambitious and stretching outcomes which will prepare young people for adulthood.

We are committed to planning for transition as early as possible and that as they approach the post 16 transition point young people and their families should be supported by schools and colleges with detailed planning in years 9 -11.  This planning process should help individuals explore their aspirations for post 16 learning and to firm up plans (in Year 11) for post 16 options.

We regard the outcomes and preferences expressed by the learner within their Education, Health and Care Plans and person-centred reviews as central to the placement process. All providers will need to demonstrate that they will develop and deliver high quality post 16 study programmes that will enable young people to progress to a higher level of study than their prior attainment and to participate in meaningful work experience and non-qualification activity.  Non-qualification activity should prepare young people well for employment or self-employment eg through work placements, apprenticeships, traineeships or supported internships, for independent living, for being healthy adults and for participating as fully as they can in society.

While we support the principle that young people’s education and training needs are usually best met where they are able to continue to live in their local area and access local mainstream provision, we accept that for some learners this will not be appropriate and that we will continue to receive requests for post-16 placements at Independent Specialist Providers (ISPs) where these institutions present the best learning and living option for them and their families.