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Jargon buster D - G


Department for Education.

Dedicated Schools Grant (DSG)

The ring-fenced specific grant paid by the department to local authorities from April 2006 in support of the schools budget. The money has either to be delegated to schools or used for centrally managed provision for pupils. It contains three funding blocks (schools, high needs and early years).

Direct Payments

Payments made in lieu of services being provided. Direct Payments may be available for health care, social care and for the special educational provision in an EHC plan.

Disagreement Resolution (sometimes called Dis Res)

The dispute resolution service offered by a local authority to resolve disagreements between parents and the local authority. NB. This is not always an independent service and it does not necessarily mean mediation which has a specific meaning (see below).

EA 1996

Education Act 1996.

Early Years Provider

A provider of early education places for children under five. This can include state funded and private nurseries, registered childminders and pre school playgroups.

Early Years Block

The early years block funds provision for 2, 3 and 4 years olds in maintained nurseries; in the private, voluntary and independent (PVI) sector, and in maintained schools and academies.

Education Funding Agency

A DfE executive agency that from April 2012 is responsible for distributing capital and revenue funding for education and training for 3 to 19 year olds (up to 25 in the case of high needs provision). The EFA directly funds academies, free schools, non-maintained special schools and post-16 providers; it funds local authorities for maintained primary, secondary and special schools and pupil referral units; and it distributes capital funding and gives advice on capital projects.

EHC Needs Assessment

An assessment of the education, health care and social care needs of a child or young person conducted by a local authority under the Children and Families Act 2014.

EHC Plan

An education, health and care plan as defined in section 37 (2) of the Children and Families Act 2014.


Equality and Human Rights Commission.


Educational Psychologist.


Emotionally-based or related school avoidance is a term referring to reduced or nonattendance at school by a child or young person. Rather than the term 'school refusal', the terms EBSA/ERSA recognises that this avoidance has its root in emotional, mental health or wellbeing issues.

EqA or EQA

The Equality Act 2010.


The Early Years Foundation Stage. A statutory framework which covers children both in pre-school settings and in reception classes up to their fifth birthday.


Further Education. The FE sector in England includes further education colleges, sixth form colleges, specialist colleges and adult education institutes. It does not include universities.

Free School

State-funded schools set up in response to what local people say they want and need in order to improve education for children in their community. These new schools have the same legal requirements as academies and enjoy the same freedoms and flexibilities.


Free school meals